Turkish Art & Craft
Tree is the best for me of all the crafts materials. Perhaps being a living entity at one time plays a role in this situation. Perhaps due to holiness based on culture, I do not know. One of the first examples of wooden work is a statue of an eagle found in castles of 5th Tüekta. Beech tree used as weapon and tent material in Turkish history was believed to be sacred.
Through the roots of the tree of life in the center of the world flowed Adam’s ale. Shamans used this tree as a ladder in their sky and underground trips. As is seen, the tree has a very reputable and extensive place in Turkish culture. Woodworking reached the summit especially during the Seljuk period.
Kaat’ı (Paper carving art)
They’re artifacts obtained from the cut of two or more colored paper and by pasting one within the other with an adhesive that is a mixture of starch and glue. The cutting process didn’t continue with the cut of every color paper one by one, after 5-6 different colors of paper were glued one after the other and cut, they were thrown into the water and enabled them to be resolved.
The used papers were carefully prepared and sized. With the aim of decorating the manuscript books, carvings were scattered between the pages. The carvings made by using skin have also been used in skin covers. Very beautiful examples are also given in 17th century.
History of ceramic art dates quite back in Turks. In excavations in Central Asia, paver ceramic goods dated to early of the period of the Great Hun Empire were also observed. Printing technique in 5th century, techniques with colored mud in 10th century began to be seen. In later years, it had developed and reached its peak during Fatih Era.
Writing is decorative art that is pictured on the fabric by hand or applied by pressing with patterns. The first occurrence in Turks is in the Middle East as well as the other handicrafts. Investigations on the piece of cloth come out of the excavations show that this art had been known and used by the Turks since B.C. Many techniques are used during the write process. Both the preparation of molds and molding materials show variety.
One of the most important characteristics of manuscripts is the skin of a book. These skins that have value as much as the information inside, carefully prepared and many techniques were used. Figures in skin prepared as relief in patterns were painted with liquefied gold leaf or carved with the technic of pattern carving and inlaid with leather processed in different colors.
Inlay process mentioned among the types of woodworking took place with pearl, ivory and tortoiseshell (tortoise shell) and very good examples were obtained. This art, which developed especially after 1500, has very few masters nowadays. The used materials are mostly artificial pearls. Pearls obtained from the bark of sea are rare works.
The art of Mines
The origin of Turkish mine art dates back to Pazırık and Noin Ula cairns. Stylized animal and plant motifs embroidered like embroidery on metalwork from which obtained very good examples in the period of the Huns and Gokturks. Besides, beautiful works took place in the period of Anatolian Seljuk.
As is known, writing has turned into the art of embellishment in calligraphy, on the contrary this time the point lace which is an element of decorative, has been the Turkish woman’s voice, language and writing. In the periods in which Turkish women had lost their position of being side by side with her husbands as a real place in the tradition of the Turkish state, it was shameful for the brides to talk and young girl who had to keep quiet, sent messages to the other party by using colors and patterns used in point lace. Sometimes they became a letter with which she sent her reproach and sometimes they became symbol of love. And some day it had been handicraft, bread and butter.
Scientists investigating the origin of the miniature art see that painting technique of the Uighur Turks and physical structure of the Uighur people were pictured in the first miniatures. In 8th Century, Uighurs had a very advanced technique about books and in the art of miniature. Miniatures determined as a small number of examples in the period of the Anatolian Seljuk developed in the Ottoman era.
In my opinion, stonemasonry evaluated in architectural art, is also be assessed in handicraft. Fine carvings on tombstones, labor in the implementation of the lattice technique, concrete and stone blocks with fine embroideries like embroidery had almost returned to relieved cardboard boxes. The cold materials had met its spirit.
It is one of the oldest Turkish handicrafts. The secrets of this carpet which is known as the oldest carpet of human history and found in Pazırık cairns are still not solved. Knotted carpet Technique brought to Anatolia by Seljuk and carpets weaved especially with Gordes knot are extraordinary aesthetic and labor works.
Marbling is a part of the Turkish Manuscripts art. Marbling was made with the aim of decorating book pages and covers of the skin as a part of the same work, as the writing had turned into an art and papers had been illuminated. After the paints sprinkled into a special mixture of liquid called tragacanth are being shaped, some papers are closed onto this liquid and specially prepared papers are achieved. A feature of marbling is the fact that the same of it can’t be made one more time and it is unique. It is not possible that paint sprinkled into the liquid takes the same shape two times.
Colored glass materials such as vases, plates and bottle were found in excavations at the Seljuk period, but these materials developed mostly in the Ottoman period. During this period, many fine examples of the works obtained by using glass with cutting glass, enameling and precious stones had been given.